How will artificial intelligence change the education industry in 2017?

After AI has invaded the consumer electronics, e-commerce, media, transportation and healthcare industries, we can't help but ask whether the education industry will become the next target of AI. Market research firm Technavio said that the penetration of AI into the education sector will continue to strengthen over the next four years, with a compound annual growth rate of 39%.

For centuries, education has followed the same path, and it is nothing more than a teacher-centered or waterline model. However, after AI has invaded the consumer electronics, e-commerce, media, transportation and healthcare industries, we can't help but ask whether the education industry will become the next target of AI.

Given that education is a necessary foundation for the development of all walks of life, AI may release its greatest potential in this area.

How will artificial intelligence change the education industry in 2017?

Key trend

The three major components of the education market – K12 Education (American Basic Education, from Kindergarten to Grade 12), higher education, and corporate training are undergoing profound changes.

In the K12 stage, the new strict academic standards are changing the focus of education. The school pays more attention to the cultivation of students' critical thinking and problem-solving skills. This is the essential quality for students in the 21st century before entering colleges and universities.

In the higher education stage, the situation in which students are overwhelmed by various tuition fees is being alleviated, thanks to the development of MOOC (large-scale online open courses) and SPOC (small-scale restrictive online courses).

In the field of corporate training, virtual training has become a compulsory course for enterprises, and the main task of the human resources department has become to cut expenses and improve employee productivity.

Today, there are three main players in the education industry: content, platform and quality of education, and all three are undergoing a transformation. Content providers are experiencing a shift from print to digital, and they must seize the huge opportunities that arise from courses such as MOOC.

The education platform is undergoing a self-reform, and it must tailor the different people to find the most useful educational methods for users. Educational quality evaluators are also moving in time, and more innovative test forms will replace monotonous topic selection in the future.

What role can AI play?

The education industry is still a "developing country" in terms of the level of participation in technology. However, this is one of its endogenous advantages, as it can directly enter the era of smartphones, without the need to go through the traditional infrastructure construction process that other industries have experienced.

In order to push the above key trends as soon as possible, the education industry must emerge more technological innovations. It is worth noting that technological innovation is also the only way to improve the efficiency and productivity of the education system in the context of a reduction in the education budget and an increase in the number of students in the classroom, and AI will play an important role in it. This year, AI will be fully rolled out in the education industry, and its application is as follows:

1. AI scores students' compositions

2, the chat robot answers the student's question

3, virtual assistant into a tutor

4. With VR and computer vision, students can receive hands-on practical teaching without leaving home.

5, the simulation and gamification of education, the analysis of learning effects is more accurate

For example, the assessment of student learning is an important part of education. Cognitive psychology believes that the best way to assess is to prepare open-ended questions for students to answer questions in their own language. However, due to time and cost issues, this idealized assessment method cannot be spread out on a large scale in reality. The entire education industry is still sticking to the multiple-choice test model that has followed hundreds of years.

Conversational education technology

The assessment of open-ended questions is a natural language process, and students' responses have their own inherent syntax and semantic structure similar to status updates and product reviews on social networking sites.

Therefore, with a little training, AI can evaluate students' responses like humans, and the cost is much lower than that of people. The American Educational Testing Service Center has already used it in the SAT and GRE exams, and one of the two scoring teachers was replaced by AI.

Chat bots will also become "squatting roles" in online learning. Georgia Tech professors have successfully turned AI into their own teaching assistants, answering students' questions after school. However, in the future, this model may go further. The questioner becomes AI, and the students are responsible for answering questions. Then the AI ​​evaluates and feedbacks the students' questions and answers in real time, which can significantly improve students' understanding of concepts.

AI will benefit everyone in the educational ecosystem. Through immediate feedback and guidance, students' learning performance can be greatly improved; teachers can use AI's powerful analytical skills to get first-hand information on student learning in order to develop a more targeted teaching plan; parents can unload part of the tuition burden Schools can expand the coverage of high-quality education; the government can guarantee that everyone has a degree to learn.

As schools tap to reduce costs and increase revenue, AI will become more widely used in the education industry. The latest K-12 education report released by NMC/CoSN (New Media Education Alliance and School Network Alliance) points out that AI and VR will be the two most important technologies to change the education industry in the next four to five years.

Market research firm Technavio said that the “infiltration” of AI into the education sector will continue to strengthen over the next four years, with a compound annual growth rate of 39%.

This year, as AI technology moves to the center of the stage, conversational education will become an important application of AI technology, and its influence may exceed conversational business.

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